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>“La Vortaro”Pilger: “BER”Bick: “Esperanto-dansk”>

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Concise grammar


You write and speak Esperanto completely regularly/phonetically. Every letter is always pronounced the same way.

The alphabet

A B C Ĉ D E F G Ĝ H Ĥ I J Ĵ K L M N O P R S Ŝ T U Ŭ V Z | The whole alphabet


Letter Sound clarification Word example
A like a in father ami - to love
E like e in pet egala - equal
I like i in machine infano - infant
O like o in November oro - gold
U like oo in moose urbo - city


Letter Sound clarification Word example
B like English b bela - beautiful
C like English ts celo - goal
Ĉ like ch in church ĉokolado - chocolate
D like English d doni - to give
F like English f facila - easy
G like g in gay granda - large
Ĝ like g in gem ĝui - to enjoy
H like English h horo - hour
Ĥ like ch in Scottish loch ĥoro - choir
J like y in young juna - young
Ĵ like s in pleasure ĵurnalo - daily newspaper
K like English k kafo - coffee
L like English l lando - country
M like English m maro - sea
N like English n nokto - night
P like English p paco - peace
R trilled like Spanish r rapida - fast
S like English s salti - to jump
Ŝ like English sh ŝipo - ship
T like English t tago - day
Ŭ like English w aŭto - car
V like English v vivo - life
Z like English z zebro - zebra

The accent

The accent is always on the next to last vowel of a word:
vojo , kantado , apud , historio , di , ilia


The sound/letter 'ŭ' is used only immediately after 'a,' 'e,' or 'o.' With a/e/o and accompanied consonants, it becomes one syllable. Watch out for the pronounciation differences in the following example:
to - car, auto - nonexistent word

More detailed explanations

Read here.