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THE DICTIONARY VORTARO*

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>“La Vortaro”Pilger: “BER”Bick: “Esperanto-dansk”>

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THE INSTANT MESSENGER TUJMESAĜILO*

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/ Courses / Basic /

La puzlo Esperanto

1 - Lesson about O, A, and J

In this lesson you will learn about the basic endings o (for nouns), a (for adjectives) and j (for plural). In addition, you will become acquainted with the roots grand, dom and infan.

2 - Lesson about MAL

In this lesson, you will learn about the important prefix mal and will become acquainted with the roots aŭt and bel.

3 - Lesson on ET and EG

The suffixes et (diminishes/weakens the meaning) and eg (augments/strengthens the meaning) are easy and useful. You will learn how to use them in this lesson.

4 - Lesson about MI and AS

In this lesson, you'll learn about the personal pronoun mi (= I) and the verb ending as which shows the present tense. In addition, you will become acquainted with the important roots est and hom.

5 - Lesson about NE

The word ne (= no, not) is essential, so it's really important to learn how to use it. Note that in Esperanto, the word ne is put before the word being negated, for example: "Mi ne ridas." (= I am not laughing / I do not laugh.)

6 - Lesson about VI and KAJ

kaj (=and) is a very common word. The personal pronoun vi (=you) is also very common. Note that vi is used both in the singular and in the plural, just like "you" is used in modern English. That's why we put it in the middle column of the pronouns group.

7 - Lesson on GE and IN

The affixes ge and in are used when one wishes to indicate sex. In this lesson, you will learn how to use them and the roots afabl (= friendly, kind) and patr (= father).

8 - Lesson about UL

In this lesson you'll learn how to use the suffix ul, which indicates that something has to do with a person, and the root jun. You can also combine these elements to form, for example, "junulo" (= a young person, a youth).

9 - Lesson on I

The ending i is used to indicate the basic form of a verb - for example, manĝi (= to eat). It is also used after a modal ("helper") verb, such as vol (= want): "Mi volas manĝi." (= I want to eat.) - You will learn about that in this lesson.

10 - Lesson about LA and EN

The word la is used as a definite article. In other words, la is used like "the" - when speaking about something already known, evident, or already mentioned. In this lesson, you will also become acquainted with the preposition en (= in) and the roots urb and mult.

11 - Lesson about N

In this lesson, you will learn how to use the n ending to express a direct object (accusative case). This is a really important piece of grammar. Please do the lesson multiple times, until you have a good understanding of how it works. (You can also read an explanation in the concise grammar.)

12 - Lesson about ŜI and LI

In this lesson you will learn to use the personal pronouns ŝi (= she) and li (= he) and the roots am and bon.

13 - Lesson about basic numerals

It's easy enough to count in Esperanto, thanks to the regular system of numbers. In this lesson, you'll learn about that.

14 - Lesson about the numerals between 1 and 9999.

In this lesson you will learn how to write large numbers in Esperanto. Note that only tens and hundreds are written as a single word (for example, kvindek - 50, tricent - 300), but not thousands (ok mil - 8000).

15 - Lesson about IS and OS

You probably already know that we use as to indicate the present tense in verbs. In a similar manner, we use is to indicate the past tense and os to indicate the future tense in verbs. Now you will learn more about that.

16 - Lesson about AL and EL

The common prepositions al (= to) kaj el (= from, out of) are discussed in this lesson.

17 - Lesson about E and EBL

In this lesson you will learn how to create an adverb using the e ending and how to use the suffix ebl. (If you aren't sure about what an adverb is, please put your mouse arrow over "Common short words and adverbs" and read the explanation that appears there.)

18 - Lesson about KIO and TIO

In this lesson you will become acquainted with two very common words from the set called correlatives, namely kio (= what, what thing) and tio (= that, that thing). Note that we create correlatives by combining a first part (for example ki- and ti-) and a second part (for example, -o).

19 - Lesson about PRI, NI, and ILI

In this lesson you will learn about two more personal pronouns, namely ni (= we) and ili (= they). In addition, you will become acquainted with the important preposition pri (= about) and the roots pens and oft.

20 - Lesson about ordinal numbers

In this lesson you will learn how to create ordinal numbers. When you write an ordinal number larger than "deka" (= tenth), you usually use a hyphen. For example: "dek-tria" (= thirteenth)

21 - Lesson about U

The verb ending u is used when one wants to command someone to do something, for example: "Manĝu!" (= Eat!) - In this lesson, you will also learn how to use the words mem (= his/her/itself) and ankaŭ (= also) and the root dir.

22 - Lesson about KIEL

In this lesson you will learn about the correlative kiel (= how, in what way, as) and the root fart.

23 - Lesson about US and SE

In this lesson you will learn about the verb ending us, which is used for the conditional mood. The us ending is often used in combination with the word se (= if)

24 - Lesson about ĈU, JES and ĜI

To create a question with a yes or no answer, the word ĉu is used. You'll learn about that in this lesson. You will also become acquainted with the pronoun ĝi (= it) and the word jes (= yes).

25 - Lesson about KIU, TIU, IU, ĈIU and NENIU

In this lesson, you will become familiar with the correlatives that end with -u. Don't worry if you don't remember them all immediately; most people need quite some time to memorize the correlatives.

26 - Lesson about KUN and PER

In this lesson, you will learn to use the prepositions kun (= with) and per (= by means of) and the roots vojaĝ and labor.

27 - Lesson about EK and RE

In this lesson, we will discuss the prefixes re and ek and also the words tuj (= immediately) and baldaŭ (= soon).

28 - Lesson about KIA, KIE, and TIE

In this lesson, you will learn three more correlatives: kia, kie and tie. In addition, you will learn to use tre (= very), ali and interes.

29 - Lesson about PLEJ, PLI, and OL

In this lesson we will deal with the comparison words plej (= most), pli (= more) and ol (= than). We will also use the very useful root ŝat.

30 - Lesson about KIAM, KIOM, and DA

Here are a few more correlatives: kiam (= when) and kiom (= how much). In addition, you'll learn how to use the preposition da in combination with kiom. Some new roots are okaz and problem.

31 - Lesson about ONI, SI, and MEM

In this lesson you'll learn about the pronouns oni (= one, someone, anyone) and si (= oneself), which are important but not entirely easy. In addition, you will become acquainted with the word mem (= self, emphatic) and the roots demand and parol.

32 - Lesson about DE and NUN

The preposition de is used in many ways; you'll learn about that in this lesson. In addition, you will become acquainted with the word nun (=now) and the root temp.

33 - Lesson about EM and PRO

In this lesson you'll learn how to use the suffix em and the preposition pro (=because of, due to).

34 - Lesson about KIAL and ĈAR

The words kial (= why, for what reason) and ĉar (= because) are often used as a pair; to answer a "kial" question, a "ĉar" answer is often used. You'll learn about these useful words in this lesson.

35 - Lesson about ĈI and DUM

In this lesson you'll learn to use the words ĉi and dum (= during, while).

36 - Lesson about IG kaj IĜ

The suffixes ig and are very important, but not entirely easy. In this lesson, you'll learn how to use ig and . (If you want to gain a deeper understanding later, take a look at the course Verbumado.)

37 - Lesson about KE

The word ke (= that) doesn't really show any meaning, but it shows the beginning of a subphrase that doesn't have any other word to introduce it. In this lesson, we will occupy ourselves with ke, among other things.

38 - Lesson about IND and END

In this lesson you'll learn (among other things) how to use the suffixes ind and end.

39 - Lesson about IT, AT, OT

In this lesson, you will see how to use the passive participles.

40 - Lesson about INT, ANT, and ONT

In this lesson you'll see how to use the active participles.



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